Net::Config(3p) Perl Programmers Reference Guide Net::Config(3p)

Net::Config - Local configuration data for libnet

    use Net::Config qw(%NetConfig);

"Net::Config" holds configuration data for the modules in the libnet distribution. During installation you will be asked for these values.

The configuration data is held globally in a file in the perl installation tree, but a user may override any of these values by providing their own. This can be done by having a ".libnetrc" file in their home directory. This file should return a reference to a HASH containing the keys described below. For example

    # .libnetrc
        nntp_hosts => [ "my_preferred_host" ],
        ph_hosts   => [ "my_ph_server" ],

"Net::Config" defines the following methods. They are methods as they are invoked as class methods. This is because "Net::Config" inherits from "Net::LocalCfg" so you can override these methods if you want.

Attempts to determine if a given host is outside your firewall. Possible return values are.

  -1  Cannot lookup hostname
   0  Host is inside firewall (or there is no ftp_firewall entry)
   1  Host is outside the firewall

This is done by using hostname lookup and the "local_netmask" entry in the configuration data.

Each is a reference to an array of hostnames (in order of preference), which should be used for the given protocol
Your internet domain name
If you have an FTP proxy firewall (NOT an HTTP or SOCKS firewall) then this value should be set to the firewall hostname. If your firewall does not listen to port 21, then this value should be set to "hostname:port" (eg "hostname:99")
There are many different ftp firewall products available. But unfortunately there is no standard for how to traverse a firewall. The list below shows the sequence of commands that Net::FTP will use

  user        Username for remote host
  pass        Password for remote host
  fwuser      Username for firewall
  fwpass      Password for firewall The hostname of the remote ftp server
There is no firewall
     PASS pass
     USER fwuser
     PASS fwpass
     PASS pass
     USER fwuser
     PASS fwpass
     USER user
     PASS pass
     USER fwuser
     PASS fwpass
     USER user
     PASS pass
     PASS pass@fwpass
     PASS fwpass
     USER user
     PASS pass
     PASS pass
     AUTH fwuser
     RESP fwpass
FTP servers can work in passive or active mode. Active mode is when you want to transfer data you have to tell the server the address and port to connect to. Passive mode is when the server provide the address and port and you establish the connection.

With some firewalls active mode does not work as the server cannot connect to your machine (because you are behind a firewall) and the firewall does not re-write the command. In this case you should set "ftp_ext_passive" to a true value.

Some servers are configured to only work in passive mode. If you have one of these you can force "Net::FTP" to always transfer in passive mode; when not going via a firewall, by setting "ftp_int_passive" to a true value.

A reference to a list of netmask strings in the form "". These are used by the "requires_firewall" function to determine if a given host is inside or outside your firewall.

The following entries are used during installation & testing on the libnet package

If true then "make test" may attempt to connect to hosts given in the configuration.
If true then "Configure" will check each hostname given that it exists

The following symbols are, or can be, exported by this module:



Graham Barr < <>>.

Steve Hay < <>> is now maintaining libnet as of version 1.22_02.

Copyright (C) 2000 Graham Barr. All rights reserved.

Copyright (C) 2013-2014, 2016, 2020 Steve Hay. All rights reserved.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, i.e. under the terms of either the GNU General Public License or the Artistic License, as specified in the LICENCE file.

Version 3.14

23 Dec 2020

See the Changes file.

2023-02-15 perl v5.36.3